COFRAN'S PC &
- - -
Tech Support &
Call-In Help Desk
PC slowed down?
We can tune it up!
** PC Repairs **
BSEE, MBA, xCPA
Veteran, Tech Officer
Cofran's Texas . . .
Hill Country Portal
A Powerful Information Database & Gateway Service for the Texas Hill Country
Focus Topic Profile For:
WEATHER, CLIMATE, SUN, MOON, TIME, SOLAR & TERRESTRIAL DATA
FOR THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY
This handy resource will allow you to quickly find the on-line weather resources best suited to your needs. The scope include severe weather and the more routine day-to-day weather reporting, as well as climate, sun, moon, time and terrestrial information.
When weather sources and government officials issue warnings regarding significant weather events, please heed these warnings for your own safety. Be especially careful about the dangers of rising water.
Also see our related Hill Country Portal focus page on Emergencies, and the related sections regarding severe weather.
Many of these weather services also have email-based alert/notification apps. Be sure to also see our list of Hill Country specific regional Alert/Notification systems and consider signing up for these free alerts.
We welcome inquiries, comments and submission of updates, additions, corrections & digital photos,
without compensation. Send to Editor at:
NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER (NHC): nhc.noaa.gov
- Atlantic/Gulf Tropical Cyclone Activity: Current
- Atlantic/Gulf Tropical Cyclone Activity: 2 Day Outlook
- Atlantic/Gulf Tropical Cyclone Activity: 5 Day Outlook
- US Gulf Coast & Inland: Watches/Warnings and 5-Day Forecast Cone for Storm Center
- Hurricane Resources: Details, Current Satellite Imagery
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE: >>>>
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH: VS.
• Severe storms are possible.
• Be prepared.
• Conditions are likely for
severe thunderstorms capable of
producing large hail or damaging winds.
• Stay tuned to local radio/TV for info.
TORNADO WATCH: VS.
• A tornado is possible.
• Know where you will shelter.
• Stay tuned to local radio/TV for info.
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WARNING:
• Severe storms HAVE developed.
• Large hail or damaging wind is occurring
or will happen shortly.
• Seek shelter.
• A tornado is happening or imminent.
• Take shelter immediately.
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE (NWS): weather.gov. NWS is part of NOAA and receives funding from the US Dept of Commerce. NWS has 100 offices throughout the US, and they are operational 24x7. These offices issue weather advisories and warnings as they become available.
- Local NOAA Weather Forecast Office for Austin/San Antonio greater area: Forecast Desk: 830-606-3617; 2090 Airport Rd, New Braunfels, TX 78130
weather.gov/ewx. Tracks weather for 33 counties.
- Storm Prediction Center: spc.noaa.gov
- Radar Image (Past 1 hr loop): Austin/San Antonio
- Satellite Image: Eastern/Central US, US
- Observed Precipitation: Map
- Forecast: Weather Pattern Graphic
- Forecast: Temperature
- Forecast: Sky Cover
- NOAA "All Hazards" Weather Radio Service (NWR): Details. Note, this NOAA FM broadcast service is not in the frequency range of the typical home FM receiver, and is usually tunable only on marine, commercial and special "emergency radios". Transmissions are on following frequencies: 162.400, 162.425, 162.450, 162.475, 162.500, 162.525, 162.550 MHz. In the Texas Hill Country, transmitters are located in Austin, Junction, Kerrville, Llano, Richland Springs, San Antonio, and Uvalde, as well as nearby in D'Hanis, Gonzales, and Seguin.
WORLD WEATHER CONDITIONS: Conditions. Includes temperature, perceived temperature, precipitation, radar, satellite, clouds, wind speed and gusts, air pressure, thunderstorms, humidity, waves, snow cover, air quality.
COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN, HAIL & SNOW NETWORK (CoCoRaHS): cocorahs.org, "Volunteers working together to measure precipitation across the nations."
SEISMIC MONITOR: ds.iris.edu/seismon. Interactive display of earthquakes; zoom from worldwide to local, for today, yesterday and through past 5 years.
OTHER NATIONAL WEATHER REPORTING WEB SITES: Since weather presentation can be very different from one service to the next, take your pick from these major weather reporters: accuweather.com; intellicast.com; weather.com; forecast.io; weatherplaza.com; weather.unisys.com
Note, most of these services obtain their core weather data from NOAA/NWS, and often augment that with local radar and weather spotter sources.
EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEMS: Some of the regional Council Of Governments (See COG) organizations provide a free alert system covering public emergencies and weather. They send alert to your choice of destinations: email, phone, text, etc.
- CAPCOG Emergency Alert System: Warn Central Texas, Code Red:
512-916-6000; Web. Counties Served: Bastrop, Blanco, Burnet, Caldwell, Fayette, Hays, Lee, Llano, Travis, Williamson.
- CTCOG Code Red Emergency Alerts: 836-939-0911; Web Sign-Up. Counties Served: Bell, Coryell, Hamilton, Lampasas, Milam, Mills, San Saba.
- SAN ANTONIO:
- SPACE CITY: Weather
CENTRAL TEXAS HUB: centraltexashub.org. The Central Texas Hub integrates water information from the USGS, LCRA and the City of Austin into a central database, and then mapped as stream flow (flow rate in cubic feet per second, CFS), precipitation and water level information. Charts provide for viewing the data over a week, a month or a year. Comparison with historical statistics for those locations is provided.
USGS TEXAS WATER DASHBOARD: txpub.usgs.gov/txwaterdashboard. Texas Water Science Center. Reporting on rain, flooding. Maps. Graphic Water Information System (GWIS). Lower Colorado Drought Visualization Story map.
COMMUNITY COLLABORATE RAIN, HAIL & SNOW NETWORK (CoCoRaHS): https://maps.cocorahs.org/. Precipitation reporting on maps.
ATX FLOODING, LOW WATER CROSSING CLOSURE & ROAD CLOSURES: ATXFloods.com. Covers: Caldwell County, Cedar Park, Hays County, Leander, Marble Falls, Rollingwood, Round Rock, Sunset Valley, Travis County, Williamson County (and Caldwell & Bastrop counties). Alert system available.
LOWER COLORADO RIVER AUTHORITY (LCRA):
- FLOOD STATUS REPORTING: Details
- HILL COUNTRY LAKE & RIVER LEVELS, FORECASTS & LINKS: Details
- HILL COUNTRY HYDROLOGIC DATA (stream flow, rainfall): Details
TURN AROUND DON'T DROWN: Safety Program
TEXAS ROAD CONDITIONS: 800-452-9292; Before heading out on the road today, be sure to check on-line for the latest road conditions. Searchable by roadway, county and condition (accident, damage, flooding, closed, construction, other), and by location on map. Web service provided by TXDOT, but input largely supplied by the public. Water in the Hill Country, regarding lakes, rivers, streams, groundwater, conservation, and more.
HEAT.GOV: The Interagency National Integrated Heat Health Information System (NIHHIS) provides the public and decision-makers with clear, timely and science-based information to understand and reduce the health risks of extreme heat. See heat.gov
HEAT INDEX: Did you know it can feel hotter than the air temperature - because of humidity? This index is a measure of how hot it really feels when relative humidity is factored in with the actual air temperature. To find the Heat Index temperature, look at the NWS Heat Index Chart or see the Heat Index Calculator at weather.gov/safety/heat-index
WET BULB GLOBE TEMPERATURE (WBGT): A heat indicator for healthy, outdoor, active populations! See forecasted WBGT and lots more on heat at digital.mdl.nws.noaa.gov
DROUGHT PREPAREDNESS COUNCIL:
512-424-2443; 5805 N Lamar Blvd, Austin, TX 78752. txdps.state.tx.us/dem/CouncilsCommittees/droughtCouncil/stateDroughtPrepCouncil.htm
NOAA FORECAST: Fire Conditions in Austin, San Antonio
PALMER HYDROLOGICAL DROUGHT INDEX (PHDI): Index Background, PHDI and Drought.gov Maps; and Current/Projected Condition Maps. Part of the suite of indices developed by Palmer in the 1960s with the United States Weather Bureau. Based on the original PDSI and modified to take into account longer-term dryness that will affect water storage, streamflow and groundwater. PHDI has the ability to calculate when a drought will end based on precipitation needed by using a ratio of moisture received to moisture required to end a drought. There are four drought categories: near normal, which occurs approximately 28%–50% percent of the time; mild to moderate, which occurs approximately 11%–27% percent of the time; severe, which occurs approximately 5%–10% percent of the time; and extreme, which will occur approximately 4% of the time.
US DROUGHT MONITOR: Produced through a partnership between the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, the United States Department of Agriculture, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 402-472–6707; Note, this monitor monitor focuses on broad-scale conditions. Local conditions may vary. US Drought Map; Southern US; Texas
TEXAS A&M FOREST SERVICE (TFS) PREDICTIVE SERVICES: Fire Conditions in Texas, including: Current Observed Fire Danger Map; Current Keetch-Bryam Drought Index Map; Current Outdoor Burn Bans by County. Much other helpful wildfire-related information is at this website.
WILDFIRE PREPARATION - How To: Red Cross Guidance
TEXAS WILDFIRE INCIDENT RESPONSE SYSTEM & VIEWER: public.tfswildfires.com, from TFS, the Incident Viewer displays current status of wildfires in Texas. Wildfire incidents that are closed are not shown.
INCIWEB INCIDENT VIEWER: inciweb.nwcg.gov. A inter-agency all-risk incident information management system developed to provide the public a single source of incident related information; and to provide a standardized reporting tool for the Public Affairs community.
AIR NOW - FIRE & SMOKE: fire.airnow.gov/
GOOGLE MAPS WILDFIRE LAYER: Like the Google Air Quality Index layer now available on Google Maps, you can add a "Wildfire Layer" on your maps to show active fires with data provided by the National Interagency Fire Center. See Air Quality reporting above for details on how to select "layers" on Google Maps
WIND CONDITIONS: US Surface Wind Flows. A great web site that shows current wind flows in the USA. Also see World-wide Wind. Read more about Wind and about Wind Power
AIR QUALITY: Air Quality Index (AQI), via Google Maps with its new Air Quality layer. Simply click the “Layers” menu icon (same button you would use to change mode to satellite or street view). It now provides an option to include AQI numbers on your map. Click on an AQI and it will show the sources and timing for that data. The format of the AQI is a number from 0 to 500, with the quality decreasing as the number goes up. The AQI includes smoke contributions as reported by the NOAA.
AIR QUALITY: Web. High ozone and particle pollution, by county within Texas. Presented by American Lung Assn.
POLLEN COUNT FORECAST: pollen.com/forecast.asp. Enter city or zip code to narrow results to your specific geographic area of interest. Options for extended forecasts, and alert system.
DUST: See World Meteorological Organization dust information background, health factors, forecasts and bulletins at public.wmo.int/en/our-mandate/focus-areas/environment/sand-and-dust-storms. See forecasts from WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System (SDS-WAS) at sds-was.cimh.edu.bb/
LARGE SEASONAL DUST PLUMES: Significant dust plume occur annually and seasonally, arriving here in our Spring through Summer seasons. The plumes complete the 5,000 mile journey from Africa to Texas, carrying some 180 million tons of Saharan desert dust across the Atlantic each year. These plumes play an important role in nature. This dust helps fertilize by transporting minerals such as iron and phosphorus. The particles making these plumes of dust are very small, about 1-2.5 micrometers. These hot, dry particles are respiratory irritants, so air quality is reduced when you are surrounded by thick plumes. A plume will often have enough dust in it to drop our air quality to the "moderate" range, meaning that while it likely is hazy outside, the average person won't even notice an impact on their breathing. However, those with very sensitive or compromised respiratory function might experience complications and may want to reduce their time outdoors.
AIR POLLUTION WORLD-WIDE VIDEO: View. Stunning NASA video of GEOS5 aerosols (in color, on YouTube), indicating that "air pollution from Asia strengthens extratropical cyclones, a type of storm system that drives much of our country's weather". Video shows pollution streams over a multi-year period indicated by the dates displayed.
FOR LARGER TOWNS IN HILL COUNTRY
WEATHER UNDERGROUND: wunderground.com. Weather reporting and forecasts customizable to your nearest neighborhood participating data reporting station. Plus a full and excellent suite of weather information services.
TIME AND DATE: Extensive world time zone displays, location date & time, calendars, clocks, calculators, apps and more, at: Time & Date
US NAVAL OBSERVATORY DATA:
- US TIME ZONES: Map
- WORLD TIME ZONES: Map
- UNIVERSAL TIME & GMT: Definition
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME: Definition & Dates
- TIME & DATE: By city, world-wide, accurate and reliable local times, time zone info, DST switches, time calculators, calendars, astronomical events, live eclipse streams.
US NAVAL OBSERVATORY - SUN & MOON RISE & SET TIMES: Tables
- Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day: Chart
- Sun or Moon Rise/Set Table for One Year: Chart
- Phases Of The Moon: Chart
- What The Moon Looks Like Now: Chart, Graphic 2
- Day and Night Across the Earth: Chart
NATIONAL RADIATION: Map depicting environmental radiation levels across the USA, updated in real time every minute.
THE SKY ABOVE YOU, INTERACTIVE PLANETARIUM: Shows the entire sky as viewed from a given location at a specified time and date, defaulted here to Austin, TX, but customizable. View
REAL-TIME SOLAR DATA:
- LUNASOLCAL: A fantastic app for getting all types of SOLARdata, on Android or IOS, while on the go: Calculate times of sunrise, sunset, moonrise and moonset for your location at any date; shows Solar noon (when the SUN is due South of your location); and much more: vvse.com/products/en/lunasolcal.html
- NOAA’s CROWDMAG MAGNETIC CALCULATOR: Provides magnetic variation (declination), the magnetic field’s dip angle, the total magnetic field and other magnetic field components (as well as their associated uncertainties) based on the latest World Magnetic Model (WMM2020); and shows actual NORTH on your phone: ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/crowdmag.shtml
- SOLAR NOON: Display or print for your location: www.solar-noon.com
SPACE WEATHER: Space; Daily News; Observers
CURRENT AURORAL FORECAST BY NOAA: Graphic. The OVATION model is a 30-40 minute aurora forecast using data provided by the ACE spacecraft. Using the latest real-time solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) data, a forecast for a visual aurora displays intensity and location is automatically created. If you are located within the red view line area, then it may be possible to witness visual aurora when looking to the northern sky if viewing conditions are good.
NOAA SPACE WEATHER SEVERITY SCALES: Storm Scales. Summary rating system, from 1 (minor) to 5 (extreme), regarding solar storm impact on navigation systems and radio communications. Three scales: G=Geomagnetic Storms; S=Solar Radiation Storms; R=Radio Blackouts
TD: Tropical Depression; TS: Tropical Storm
SKYWARN: skywarn.org. A volunteer program with nearly 290,000 trained severe weather spotters. These volunteers help keep their local communities safe by providing timely and accurate reports of severe weather to the National Weather Service. Local training opportunities are presented at srh.noaa.gov
SEVERE WEATHER REPORTING TO NOAA: Anyone can submit their storm observations (including photos) at srh.noaa.gov/StormReport/SubmitReport.php?site=EWX, or to the Storm Prediction Center at: spc.noaa.gov, or via email: email@example.com, or via Twitter using: @NWSSanAntonio and #ewxspotter
SEVERE WEATHER REPORTING TO LOCAL 911: Anyone can submit their storm observations by calling 911.
SEVERE WEATHER REPORTING TO TV MEDIA: Anyone can submit their storm observations by phone, text and email to local radio and TV stations listed above. No guarantee as to how your report will be processed. You might get your name in the news as a credit for the submission. Typical are pictures of clouds, lightning, hail, flooding, wind damage, etc. Check their website above for reporting address.
RAINFALL REPORTING TO COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE RAIN, HAIL AND SNOW NETWORK: Anyone can submit their rainfall data to CoCoRAHS, which tracks this for flooding and drought analysis. cocorahs.org
Stay tuned for more.
Please offer any items you think would be helpful.
(send to webmaster at email address at info@HillCountryPortal.com)
SANDY ROAD GUEST HAUS:
Upscale Western-style Guest House Lodging
in a Beautiful Ranch Setting in the Gorgeous Texas Hill Country
Reservations & Information: 281-300-7177
9242 RR 1320 (Sandy Road), Johnson City, TX 78636
Web: SandyRoadGuestHaus.com Email: info@SandyRoadGuestHaus.com
Come Relax & Enjoy!
Click for Hill Country:
» FESTIVALS/MAJOR EVENTS
Affordable Pre-paid Emergency Air Transport Service
Click image for details
Protection starts at $65/yr
Protect Your Computer Files With
of your data.
to get started.